What is medicine and food homology
Overview of medicine and food homology “Medicine and food homology” refers to many foods that are drugs and the absolute absolute dividing line between them. Ancient medical scientists applied the “four natures” and “five flavors” of traditional Chinese medicine to food.Each food also has the “four natures” and “five flavors”.
The theoretical source of the medicine and food homology is stated in the book “Huang Di Neijing Taisu” in the Tang Dynasty: “The fasting food is food, and the patient is food.”
”Medicine and food homology” means that traditional Chinese medicine and food originate at the same time.
The “Financial Training” states: “Shen Nong tastes the taste of herbs, and the pain and suffering of water springs, so that the people know what to avoid.
At this time, one day encountered seventy poisons.
“It can be seen that medicine and food are indistinguishable in the Shennong era. Those who are not poisonous can do it, and those who are poisonous should avoid it.
With the accumulation of experience, medicine and food began to differentiate.
After the use of fire, people began to eat cooked food, and the casting processing technology gradually developed.
At the same time as food and medicine began to differentiate, food therapy and medicine therapy also gradually differentiated.
”Nei Jing” has very excellent theories on food therapy, such as “heavy poison cures disease, ten to six; ten poison cures disease, ten to seven; ten poison treatment, ten to eight; non-toxic cure, ten toNo. 9: Cereals, fruits and vegetables, no matter what you eat, no harm, it hurts it, “which can be called the original principles of diet.
It can be seen that, in the tradition of Chinese medicine, the relationship between medicine and food has both similarities and differences.
However, from the perspective of the development process, the ancient times are homologous. After thousands of years of development, medicine and food are differentiated. If the prospects are more frequent, they may return to Pugui and use food as medicine and food as medicine.
Since ancient times, Chinese traditional medicine has a theory of “medicine and food homology” (also known as “medicine and food homology”).
The theory is that many foods are both food and drugs, and foods can prevent disease as well as drugs.
In the ancient primitive society, people discovered the taste and efficacy of various foods and drugs in the process of searching for food. It was recognized that many foods can be drugs, and many drugs can also be eaten. It is difficult to strictly distinguish between the two.
This is the basis of the “medicine-food homology” theory and the basis of food therapy.
There is also a concept of Chinese medicine in traditional Chinese medicine: all animals and plants, minerals, etc. are also part of Chinese medicine, and Chinese medicine is a very large drug concept.
All Chinese medicines can be eaten, but it is just a difference in the amount, in order: the toxic effect is small and the toxic effect is large.
So strictly speaking, in Chinese medicine, medicine and food are indistinguishable, and they are relatively speaking: medicine is also food, and food is also medicine; the substitution of food is small, and the substitution of medicine is large.
This is another meaning of “medicine and food homology”.
The relationship between Chinese medicine and food is that the relationship between Chinese medicine and food is-medicine and food are homologous.
Everyone knows that the most important means of treating Chinese medicine is traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture.
Traditional Chinese medicines are mostly natural medicines, including plants, animals and minerals, and foods for humans are also animals, plants and some minerals in nature. Therefore, the sources of traditional Chinese medicines and foods are the same.
Some things can only be used to treat diseases, they are called medicines, and some things can only be used for diet, they are called diets.
However, most of these things can not only treat diseases, but also can be regarded as dietary use, which is called dual-use medicine and food.
Because they have curative functions, the boundaries between medicine and food are not very clear.
For example, oranges, previous rice, red beans, longan, hawthorn, blackberry, walnuts, almonds, sugar, peppercorns, cumin, cinnamon, amomum, pumpkin seeds, honey and so on.It is a nutritious and delicious food that everyone often eats.
Knowing the source and function of Chinese medicine and diet, and the close relationship between the two, it is not difficult to understand the statement of homology of medicine and food.
Chinese medicine and food have in common: they can be combined with disease.
The differences between them are: Chinese medicine has a strong therapeutic effect, which is often referred to as “strong medicine”. When the medicine is used correctly, the effect is outstanding, but when the medicine is not used, it is easy to appear a more obvious substitution; and the food is less effectiveTraditional Chinese medicine is so prominent and fast that improper food distribution does not cause bad results immediately.
However, it cannot be ignored that although drugs have a strong effect, they are not usually eaten often, and foods are weak but cannot be separated every day.
Our daily diet, in addition to supplying the necessary nutrients, will have more or less beneficial or adverse effects on the body’s balance and physiological functions due to the performance of food. Over time, this effect changes from quantitative to qualitative changes.It’s very obvious.
In this sense, they are not inferior to traditional Chinese medicine.
Therefore, properly and reasonably arranging diets and sticking to them will combine the effects that drugs cannot achieve.
Examples of medicine and food homology Traditional Chinese medicine has “medicine and food homology”, indicating that medicine and diet belong to the same origin.
In fact, the emergence of diet is sooner than the resurrection of medicine, because in order for humans to survive and reproduce, they must consume food to maintain the needs of the body’s metabolism.
After long-term life practice, people have gradually learned that certain foods are beneficial and can be eaten; some are harmful and should not be eaten.By paying attention to diet, certain diseases can be treated, and drug therapy therapy has gradually formed.
Medicinal diet is the product of the combination of traditional Chinese medical knowledge and culinary experience. It is a medicinal drug made by cooking and processing through medicine and food as raw materials.
It “contains medicine in food”, not only treats medicine as food, but also imparts food with medicinal properties; it has nutritional value, can prevent and cure diseases, strengthen the body, and prolong life.
Therefore, medicated diet is a special exception that combines the efficacy of medicine with the taste of food.
It can make the eater enjoy the food and enjoy it, so that the body is nourished and the disease is treated.
In order to achieve a healthy way, in addition to paying attention to the adjustment of daily habits, the adjustment of diet can also achieve health goals. The life experience in China for thousands of years has experienced[Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing],[Dietary Herbs]and even[Compendium of Materia Medica]Food and medicine have been integrated into one, and the culture of[medicine-food homology]has evolved. The first priority is prevention in the development of Chinese medicine, and the way of prevention is to follow the principle of natural treatment. Therefore, food therapy needs to be appropriate.It is contraindicated, and Chinese medicine is quite well-known for treating diseases. Therefore, you should understand your physique before choosing the appropriate Chinese medicine for food supplement, so as not to choose too much deviation and lose its significance.
How to know the physique, you can have a general understanding from the performance of life, generally can be divided into three types of physique (1) cold and heat syndrome constitution: heat syndrome constitution will have tension, excitement, hyperactivity, inflammation, congestion and other symptoms, often more verbalThirsty, like cold drinks, low urine output and yellowish red color, constipation and other symptoms, and the spirit tends to show excitement; while the cold syndrome constitution is symptoms of relaxation, atrophy, gradual, weakness, anemia, etc.She also likes hot drinks, and her urine output is mostly light, and women’s physiological cycles are slower and mentally weaker.
(2) Demonstrative constitution: People with empirical constitution are full of vitality, strong speech, abundant energy, no sweat, and easily constipated; while those with deficient constitution are weaker, weaker, have spontaneous sweating, gastrointestinal and gastric symptoms when speakingSusceptible to chancre and pale.
(3) Physical constitution of dryness and dampness: People with dry constitution have insufficient water in their bodies, and are prone to thirst, dry cough, constipation, and menstrual periods are reduced in women. People with wet constitution have too much water in their bodies, which is prone to high blood pressure, edema and abdominalSymptoms such as snoring, more phlegm, or lower pus.
After understanding the physique, then you must know the nature of the medicine (food), so that the medicine (food) can be tested on the card. In response to the cold and heat in the physique, the medicine (food) can also (1) diarrhea properties: supplemental medicine(Food) can enhance people’s resistance, increase vitality, and are suitable for those with weak constitutions, while those with evidence of constitution can easily cause constipation, sweat can’t be excreted, and the virus accumulates in the body, causing high blood pressure, inflammation, poisoning and other illsSymptoms; laxatives (food) can help replace the virus from the body, can improve constipation, congestion, inflammation and other symptoms of people with evidence of physical constitution, while those with weak constitution may cause diarrhea due to excessive consumption, the bodyWeaker and less resistant to viruses.
(2) Warm and cool nature: warm medicine (food) can make the body generate heat energy, increase vitality, improve its degenerate, atrophy, anemia physical function, if the thermal constitution of people ingestion produces excessive excitement or hyperfunction, resulting inInsomnia, redness, congestion, and constipation are correct; cool medicine (food) substances have a sedative effect on the mind, and the body has a cooling and anti-inflammatory effect, which can improve the function of the entered mechanism, excitement, excitability, and congestionSex, eliminate insomnia, swelling, inflammation and other symptoms, if the cold constitution of excessive storage and make the symptoms of cold and anemia more serious.
Among daily fruits and vegetables, mild foods such as chives, shallots, garlic, pepper, ginger, pepper and other spicy seasonings, pumpkin, kohlrabi, lychee, guava, papaya, etc., cold foods such as celery, spinach, cabbage, convolvulus, tomato, Radish, loofah, bitter gourd, cucumber, kelp, watermelon, etc., usually you can choose the right amount of vegetables and fruits to eat, but still note that from a nutritional point of view, any kind of food should not be excessive or lacking.